Exploring the Art of Photography

“Let your creativity flow, and frame the beauty of the world!”

Photography is a powerful art form that lets us freeze time, show how we feel, and tell stories through pictures. Photography is now more accessible to a broader range of people because technology has improved and cheaper equipment is now available.

different types of photography

Whether you want to be a photographer or would like to learn more about the different kinds, this article will take you on a fascinating journey through six popular types of photography:

  1. landscape Photography
  2. Portrait Photography
  3. Wildlife Photography
  4. Street Photography
  5. Still-life Photography
  6. Sports Photography

In this detailed guide, we’ll examine how each genre has its style, techniques, challenges, and artistic possibilities.

1. Landscape Photography

landscape photography

Landscape photography is a powerful art form that lets photographers capture the unique beauty of the natural world. Through their lenses, they can take viewers to beautiful places, make them feel things, and take interesting pictures. Join us as we learn about the art and techniques of landscape photography, such as composition, lighting, equipment, and post-processing. Find out about the beautiful things this genre offers and learn how to take stunning landscape photos.

Characteristics of Landscape Photograpghy

Landscape photography is the art of taking pictures of nature’s beauty, grandeur, and variety. The following characteristics are listed below:

  • Connecting with the Landscape: Landscape photography is more than just taking pictures of pretty places. It’s about connecting deeply with nature and learning to care deeply about the environment. Photographers who feel an emotional connection to the landscape can better capture the spirit and essence of a place in their pictures. This makes it possible for them to capture what the landscape looks like and how it makes them feel.
  • Capturing the Essence: Landscape photography aims to show the landscape’s size, beauty, and unique qualities. It goes beyond just showing what a place looks like and tries to show how it feels, what it is like, and what it is like to be there. Landscape photographers try to capture what makes each landscape unique and special, whether it’s the roughness of a mountain range, the peace of a forest, or the size of a desert. Photographers try to capture the true essence and spirit of the landscape by carefully composing and framing the scene.
  • Evoking Emotions: One of the main goals of landscape photography is to make pictures that make people feel something and give them a sense of wonder. Photographers can show a wide range of feelings through careful composition, lighting, and choice of subject, whether it’s the calm of a peaceful sunrise, the awe of a dramatic storm, or the joy of bright autumn colors. Landscape photography can make people feel like they are there and let them experience the beauty of nature through the eyes of the photographer.
  • Showcasing Diversity: Landscape photography shows off the wide variety of natural environments found worldwide. Landscapes come in many shapes and sizes, from rocky coastlines and rolling hills to vast deserts and tall mountains. Landscape photographers try to show how different the world is by taking pictures of the different kinds of landscapes and the things that make each one unique. This variety shows how beautiful our planet is and makes people more aware of how important it is to keep these landscapes safe for future generations.
  • Preserving Natural Beauty: Landscape photography is a way to record and preserve the beauty of nature. Photographers add to the visual record of Earth’s natural wonders by taking pictures of beautiful landscapes. These pictures show the importance of protecting fragile ecosystems and landscapes in danger. They also make people want to appreciate and protect them. Landscape photographers often work with conservation groups to bring attention to the need to preserve our natural heritage and to advocate for it.

Techniques of Landscape Photography

Landscape photographers can capture the beauty and essence of natural places by mastering landscape photography techniques. The following techniques of landscape photography are listed below:

  • Composition and Framing: Composition and structure are essential to making landscape photos look good. By using compositional rules like the rule of thirds, leading lines, and the relationship between the foreground and background, photographers can guide the viewer’s eye through the picture and give it a sense of balance and harmony. The rule of thirds says to divide the frame into nine equal parts and put essential things along the grid lines or at the points where the lines meet. Leading lines, like a winding road or river, can catch the eye of the viewer and give the picture more depth. Also, putting exciting things in the foreground can give the whole composition context and a sense of scale.
  • Mastering Light and Exposure: The way light falls on a landscape photo significantly affects its mood and atmosphere. Understanding and using different lighting conditions, like the warm, soft light of the golden hour (just after sunrise or before sunset) or the cool, ethereal glow of the blue hour (before dawn or after sunset), can make a huge difference in how the image looks. When setting up the shot, it’s essential to think about the light’s direction, intensity, and quality. Also, when photographers know how to use exposure settings like aperture, shutter speed, and ISO, they can get the right balance between capturing details in the shadows and the highlights
  • Equipment and Gear: Choose the right equipment and gear to get the perspectives and effects you want in landscape photography. Even though cameras can take pictures of beautiful landscapes, some gear gives photographers more ways to be creative. Filters like polarizers and neutral density filters can help control reflections, improve colors, and get the exposure right in scenes with a lot of contrast. Wide-angle lenses are often used in landscape photography because they make it possible to capture extensive views and show how deep the location is. Tripods help keep the camera steady, especially when there isn’t much light or an extended exposure time.
  • Dynamic Captures: With dynamic captures, you use different methods to take pictures of changing and dramatic landscapes. Long exposures often make smooth waterfalls, misty seascapes, and clouds that move across the frame. For this method to work, you need a tripod and a longer shutter speed to capture the movement over a long period. When you stitch a panorama, you combine multiple pictures of a scene in post-processing to get a more comprehensive view. It lets photographers take photos of general opinions that wouldn’t fit in one frame. High Dynamic Range (HDR) imaging involves taking multiple exposures of a scene with a lot of contrast and blending them to keep details in both the shadows and the highlights.

Post-Processing and Enhancing

Post-processing is an integral part of landscape photography because it lets photographers fix and improve their pictures without changing the landscape’s natural beauty. Photographers can fine-tune their views, eliminate distractions, and highlight important parts. Post-processing software like Adobe Lightroom or Photoshop has tools for transforming an image’s exposure, contrast, color balance, and sharpness. In post-processing, it’s essential to be careful so that the final image stays true to the scene captured in the field and shows the fundamental nature of the landscape.

2. portrait photography

portrait photography

Portrait photography is a great art form that focuses on capturing the essence, personality, and emotions of a person or group. It’s more than just taking a picture of someone’s face; it tries to show the inner depths and unique qualities that make each subject so fascinating. Portrait photographers can create images that are beautiful to look at and make you feel something. They do this by paying attention to the composition, lighting, posing, and connection with the subject.

Characteristics of portrait Photograpghy

Portrait photography is a form of art that tries to capture the essence and personality of the person being photographed. The following characteristics are listed below:

  • Focus on the Subject: Portrait photography concerns the person or people in the picture. The main goal is to capture the subject’s essence, personality, and unique qualities, bringing out their uniqueness and connecting with the viewer.
  • Emotion and Expression: Portraits try to make people feel something and show what they think, feel, and who they are. The photographer tries to get genuine and honest expressions that show what’s going on inside the subject, from joy and happiness to vulnerability and thought.
  • Connection: A good portrait links the subject and the person looking at it. Through careful composition, lighting, and interaction with the issue, the photographer tries to create a captivating image that makes the viewer want to talk to the person in the picture.
  • Storytelling: Portraits can tell stories and pass along information. They can give clues about the person’s past, experiences, and personality. Environmental portraits especially look at the subject’s surroundings, which adds to the story and makes it more interesting.
  • Lighting and Mood: The lighting of a portrait has a significant effect on its mood and atmosphere. Photographers use natural and artificial lighting to make the subject’s features stand out, create depth, and make the viewer feel how they want to. Different lighting setups can range from soft and diffused to dramatic and high-contrast for a more intense and powerful effect.
  • Collaboration and Direction: The photographer works closely with the subject to get the desired result. The photographer guides the subject’s pose, expression, and body language to make a fascinating portrait. Effective communication and direction create an atmosphere of comfort and trust, which allows the issuer to relax and show who they are.
  • Artistic Expression: Portrait photography is not just a way to record a person’s appearance; it is also a form of art that combines technical skill, creativity, and vision. Photographers can add their style and image to portraits, giving each one a personal touch and turning it into a work of art.

Techniques in Portrait Photography

Portrait photographers can take exciting and expressive pictures of people if they know how to use portrait photography techniques. The following techniques of portrait photography are listed below:

  • Composition and Framing: Composition is integral to portrait photography because it lets the photographer direct the viewer’s attention and send a specific message or mood. Using the rule of thirds, leading lines, and negative space can help you make portraits that are balanced and look good. Whether you choose tight close-ups or broader shots of the environment, the choice of framing can add to the story and help you connect with the subject.
  • Lighting and Mood: Lighting is vital in portrait photography when setting the mood and making people feel something. You can use natural light, studio lighting, or a mix of the two to create different effects. When a photographer knows the light’s direction, intensity, and color temperature, they can shape the subject’s features, bring out textures, and add depth. Photographers can create a wide range of moods, from dark and dramatic to soft and ethereal, by playing with light.
  • Posing and Expression: Portrait photography guides the subject’s pose and captures their natural expressions. Posing techniques that work well help create the mood you want, show off the best parts of the issue, and create a sense of harmony within the frame. Some portraits may need more formal or directed poses, while others may try to capture the subject in a natural or unplanned way that shows their true personality and emotions. Photographers can get the expressions they want from their issues by talking to them and giving directions.
  • Environmental Considerations: Environmental portraits show the subject in their environment, which gives the story more context and depth. Photographers can tell stories beyond simple images by including parts of the subject’s environment, like their workplace, hobbies, or cultural background. Environmental portraits show how the matter interacts with their environment, giving you a better idea of who they are and how they live.

Post-Processing and Editing

Post-processing is essential to making portrait photos look better and more polished. With software like Adobe Photoshop or Lightroom, photographers can change the image’s exposure, contrast, color balance, and other small details to improve the image’s overall impact. In post-processing, it’s essential to keep a balance so that the final product stays true to the subject while improving the visual elements that help tell the story.

3. wildlife photography

Wildlife photography

Wildlife photography is a fascinating type of photography that lets photographers capture the animal kingdom’s beauty, variety, and raw nature. It’s a rare chance to watch and photograph animals in their natural environments, showing how they act and interact and how complicated their lives are.

Characteristics of Wildlife Photography

Wildlife photography is a special kind of photography that tries to show the beauty and behavior of animals in their natural environments. The following characteristics of wildlife photography are listed below:

  • Capturing Natural Behavior: Wildlife photography tries to show animals in their natural habitats, how they act and interact with each other, and how their daily lives work. The goal is to capture real moments that show what the subject is like.
  • Conservation and Awareness: Wildlife photography is a powerful way to raise awareness about conservation issues and fight to protect endangered species and their habitats. It helps build a sense of caring about and caring for the natural world.
  • Connection with Nature: Wildlife photography lets the photographer and the viewer feel more connected to the natural world. It allows people to appreciate the animal kingdom’s beauty, variety, and complexity. This helps people feel awe and respect for nature’s wonders.
  • Patience and Persistence: Photographing wildlife takes a lot of patience and persistence. Photographers often wait for the perfect shot for hours, days, or weeks. It means learning how animals act and their daily routines and being ready to catch important moments.
  • Technical Challenges: Wildlife photography is hard to do technically because the subjects move quickly, the lighting can be hard to predict, and you need long focal lengths. Photographers must know how to use their cameras, lenses, and other tools well. They also need to be skilled at using different settings and techniques.

Techniques in Wildlife Photography

Wildlife photography is a great way to get pictures of animals in their natural habitats that are both beautiful and interesting. The following techniques of wildlife photography are listed below:

  • Telephoto Lenses: Wildlife photographers usually use long telephoto lenses to take pictures of subjects from a distance without scaring them. Most people use lenses with focal lengths of 300mm to 600mm or longer to get close-up wildlife shots.
  • Understanding Animal Behavior: Wildlife photographers need to watch and understand how animals act. It helps them predict movements and actions and be ready to take pictures at the right time. Photographers can be in the right place at the right time if they know the habits and routines of their subjects.
  • Composition: One of the most essential parts of wildlife photography is composition. Techniques like the rule of thirds, leading lines, and framing can help you make images that look good and have movement. Carefully arranging the shot can draw attention to the subject, give the impression of depth, and tell a story.
  • Lighting and Exposure: Wildlife photography needs to understand and use natural light. During the golden hours of sunrise and sunset, the light is often warm and soft, which makes the image feel better. Photographers also need to know how to control exposure in different lighting situations to get details and not overexpose or underexpose their photos.
  • Focus and Shutter Speed: In wildlife photography, getting the subject in sharp focus is very important. Autofocus systems must be quick and accurate to keep up with moving animals. Also, choosing the correct shutter speed is essential to get the level of detail you want and to freeze or show motion in the picture.
  • Camouflage and Stealth: Wildlife photographers often use camouflage clothing and gear to blend in with their surroundings and be as quiet as possible not to scare the animals. Photographers can get closer to their subjects without scaring them off by moving slowly and quietly.

Post-Processing and Editing

Post-processing and editing are essential for wildlife photography because they help refine and improve images without changing the subjects or their natural environments. This process involves changing the exposure and contrast to bring out details, correcting the color balance so that natural colors are shown correctly, reducing noise, and sharpening some areas to make textures stand out. Cropping and making changes to the composition help eliminate distractions and improve the overall design. Using cloning and healing tools carefully can fix minor flaws without changing the animal’s natural look. Post-processing aims to enhance the image while keeping the natural feel of the wildlife encounter. This is done to make photos that make people feel awe and respect for nature.

4. street photography

street photography

Street photography is a lively and exciting type of photography that shows how people live in public places. Photographers use it to record the raw feelings, fleeting moments, and different stories that happen on the streets of busy cities or quiet neighborhoods.

Characteristics of Street Photography

Street photography is a type of photography that focuses on capturing natural, unposed moments of life in public places. The following characteristics of street photography are listed below:

  • Candid Moments: Street photography captures natural, unposed moments that show how people feel, act, and look in public places. The goal is to show reality and get to the heart of everyday life.
  • Urban Environment: Most street photography is done in cities, where busy streets, neighborhoods, and cityscapes are explored. It focuses on the energy, diversity, and unique parts of city life, showing how people interact with their surroundings.
  • Storytelling: Street photography is a great way to tell stories. Photographers try to tell stories and make people feel things by capturing how people live and the stories happening on the streets. Each picture tells a story or asks questions that make people think and feel.
  • Decisive Moments: Street photographers are good at catching powerful moments, which are brief times when things come together ideally to make an image that stands out. These moments can be words, actions, conversations, or unique situations that show something important or exciting.
  • Composition and Framing: In street photography, composition is very important. Photographers carefully think about things like lines, shapes, patterns, and framing to make images that are interesting to look at. Photographers use techniques like the rule of thirds, leading lines, and layering to give the photo balance, depth, and visual interest.
  • Black and White Photography: Black and white is often a preferred style in street photography. By getting rid of color, black-and-white photography can put the focus on contrast, light, and composition. This makes the images better at telling a story and gives them a timeless look.
  • Reflection of Society: Street photography shows what people, places, and things were like at a particular time and place. It shows how different people are, how they struggle, how happy they are, and how they interact in a larger social context. It can bring attention to social problems, celebrate diversity, or show how people live.
  • Spontaneity and Serendipity: These are essential parts of street photography. Photographers should stay open to unplanned moments and enjoy the unpredictable streets. Being ready to catch the unexpected makes the process more exciting and gives you a sense of discovery.

Techniques of Street Phototgraphy

Mastering street photography techniques is essential to take exciting and thought-provoking pictures in cities. The following techniques of street photography are listed below:

  • Observational Skills: Street photographers learn to observe their surroundings to closely predict and catch important moments. They always look around for interesting people, situations, or scenes that could tell a story or make someone feel something.
  • Quick Reflexes: Street photography often captures fleeting moments that may only last a second. It would be best if you had quick reflexes and were ready to press the shutter button at the right time to catch those decisive moments before they were gone.
  • Composition: One of the most essential parts of street photography is composition. Photographers pay close attention to lines, shapes, patterns, and how items are placed in the frame. Compositions that look good and are well-balanced are made using techniques like the rule of thirds, leading lines, and framing.
  • Wide-angle Lenses: Wide-angle lenses are often used in street photography because they give the photographer a more comprehensive view and let them include more things in the frame. With these lenses, photographers can sense their subjects’ surroundings while staying close to them.
  • Zone Focusing: In fast-paced situations like street photography, manually focusing can take a long time and cause you to miss chances. Zone focusing is a method used by photographers in which they set their focus to a certain distance and aperture combination ahead of time. This lets them quickly take pictures of things within a specific range without having to keep autofocusing.
  • Shooting from the Hip: When you shoot from the hip, you don’t raise the camera to your eye level. This lets you take photos of street scenes more naturally and unobtrusively. This method lets photographers catch real, unposed moments without paying attention to themselves or their cameras.
  • Layers and Depth: Adding layers to a street photograph gives the image depth and visual interest. Photographers can give a scene depth by putting things in the foreground, middle ground, and background. This draws the viewer’s eye into the scene and improves the composition

Post-Processing and Editing

Post-processing and editing are essential parts of street photography for improving and refining the photos. Techniques like sharpening, reducing noise, and correcting the perspective are used to improve the quality of an image. Adjustments are made to exposure, contrast, color balance, and composition to create good results. Spot removal, converting to black and white, and adding vignettes can enhance the mood and draw attention to the subject. The goal is to keep the realness of the moment while making photos that are interesting to look at and tell a good story.

5. still life photography

still life photography

Still-life photography is a type of photography that focuses on arranging inanimate objects in a way that looks good. It lets photographers explore the artistic and beautiful qualities of everyday things and make pictures that are interesting to look at. Still-life photographers can make ordinary things look like works of art by organizing them, thinking about lighting and composition, and using creative techniques.

Characteristics of still life Photography

Still-life photography is a type of photography that focuses on arranging inanimate objects in a way that makes them look attractive. The following characteristics of still-life photography are listed below:

  • Arrangement and Composition: In still-life photography, inanimate objects are carefully placed and put together to make compositions that are pleasing to the eye and work well together. People pay attention to where things are in the frame, how they are balanced, and how they relate.
  • Attention to Detail: When taking pictures of still life, photographers often try to capture the small details, textures, and surfaces of the objects. They draw attention to small details and qualities that are easy to miss.
  • Lighting and Shadows: In still-life photography, controlling and changing the light is essential. Photographers try different ways to light things to bring out their shape, texture, and mood. Shadows are used to make things look more three-dimensional and interesting.
  • Choice of Objects: Many things can be photographed in a still life. Photographers can choose items that mean something to them personally or use their options to explore themes and ideas. Most of the time, the objects themselves have symbolic or figurative meanings.
  • Emphasis on Aesthetics: Still-life photography is known for putting a lot of emphasis on beauty, style, and visual appeal. Photographers try to make exciting pictures to look at, tell a story, and make people feel something.

Techniques of still life Phototgraphy

Mastering the techniques of still-life photography is essential if you want to take pictures of inanimate objects that are beautiful and interesting to look at. The following techniques of still-life photography are listed below:

  • Lighting Techniques: Photographers can control the amount, direction, and quality of light by playing around with natural light, studio lighting, and artificial lighting. Techniques like side lighting, backlighting, and diffused lighting can create different moods and draw attention to certain parts of the objects.
  • Depth of Field Control: In still-life photography, it’s crucial to change the depth of the field. Photographers can choose to have a shallow depth of field, which blurs the background and draws attention to a specific part of the composition, or a more significant depth of field, which keeps the whole scene in focus.
  • Texturing and Styling: Adding props, fabrics, backgrounds, or backdrops to an image can make it look better and help create the mood or story you want. Photographers can try out different textures and surfaces to create contrasts and visual elements that are interesting to look at.
  • Creative Use of Perspective: Trying out different angles, points of view, and perspectives can lead to unique and exciting compositions. Photographers can take pictures from low angles, from above, or up close to show how things look from different points of view.
  • Experimentation with Reflections: Adding reflections, whether real or fake, can give still-life photos depth, visual interest, and a touch of surrealism. You can make exciting reflections and distortions with mirrors, glass, and other shiny surfaces.

Post-Processing and Editing

Post-processing and editing are essential for still-life photography because they help refine and improve the photos. To get the look you want, changes are made to the color balance, exposure, contrast, and sharpness. Retouching and spot removal eliminate flaws while cropping and refining the composition create a better visual balance. Effects like vignettes and overlays are creative ways to add a personal touch. The goal is to improve the overall effect while keeping the composition true to its original form.

6. sports photography

sports photography

Sports photography is a special kind of photography that focuses on catching fast-moving, action-packed moments at sporting events. It would help if you had unique skills, technical knowledge, and tools to stop the action, show how intense it is, and tell exciting stories through pictures. Sports photography lets us relive the excitement and passion of sports, whether by taking a picture of the winning goal, the perfect jump, or the emotional faces of athletes.

Characteristics of Sports Photography

Sports photography is an exciting genre that shows different sports and athletic events’ energy, intensity, and athleticism. The following characteristics of sports photography are listed below:

  • Action and Energy: Sports photography captures events’ action, energy, and intensity. It tries to capture the decisive moments that show how athletic, skilled, and emotional athletes are.
  • Dynamic Composition: Sports photographers try to make pictures that look moving and full of excitement. They use leading lines, diagonal framing, and the rule of thirds to create compelling images and draw attention to the main subject.
  • Emotion and Storytelling: Sports photography captures the feelings and stories behind the sport. It shows athletes’ determination, happiness, sadness, and success through pictures that tell a story and makes the viewer feel something.
  • Timing and Anticipation: In sports photography, timing is critical. Photographers must know what will happen and be ready to catch the crucial moments. To do this, you need to see the sport, have quick reflexes, and be able to predict and respond to how the athletes move.
  • Fast Shutter Speeds: Sports photographers use fast shutter speeds to freeze the action and get clear pictures. This ensures that fast-moving subjects aren’t blurry so that viewers can see the details and intensity of the moment.

Techniques in Sports Photography

You must know how sports photography works to get exciting and dynamic pictures of athletes and sporting events. The following techniques of sports photography are listed below:

  • Autofocus and Tracking: Sports photographers use their cameras’ autofocus and tracking features to keep the subject in focus as it moves. This helps keep sharpness and clarity even when fast-moving action is being captured.
  • Burst Mode and Continuous Shooting: In burst mode, photographers can take many pictures quickly, one after the other. In continuous shooting mode, a series of frames are taken at once, ensuring the perfect moment in the action is captured.
  • Telephoto Lenses: Long telephoto lenses are often needed to take pictures of sports events from a distance. Photographers can get close-up shots of athletes on the field or court that show off their faces and movements.
  • Panning: Panning is when you use a slower shutter speed to follow a moving subject. This technique makes the issue sharp while the background is blurry, giving the image a sense of motion and speed.
  • Composition and Framing: One of the most essential parts of sports photography is composition. Photographers carefully frame their pictures to show the most exciting angles and make the main subject stand out. They may also try out different angles and points of view to create images that are unique and interesting to look at.

Post-Processing and Editing

Post-processing and editing are essential for street photography because they help refine and improve the photos. The goal is to stay true to reality while enhancing the visual impact and story, making powerful and exciting images. Some techniques include color correction, adjusting the exposure, cropping, sharpening, noise reduction, converting to black and white, correcting the perspective, and selective editing.

Photography is a powerful art form that stops time, stirs feelings, and tells stories through pictures. Technology improvements and cheaper equipment have made photography easier for more people to try. The popular genres are landscape, portrait, wildlife, street, still life, and sports photography. Each has its style, techniques, challenges, and artistic possibilities.

Photographers can take beautiful pictures and communicate their ideas well if they understand the essence of each genre and master the skills they need. Post-processing is essential to making photos look better while keeping the subjects’ natural beauty. Whether you want to be a photographer or just like art in general, learning about these different types of photography will give you a lot of ways to be creative and express yourself.

Q&A

What do I need to take pictures of landscapes?

You need a DSLR or mirrorless camera, a wide-angle lens, a tripod for stability, filters (like ND and polarizing filters), and a remote shutter release for long exposures if you want to take landscape photos. Helpful extras include a backpack, extra batteries, and lens-cleaning tools.

How can I get better at taking pictures of people?

To improve your portrait photography skills, practice working with different lighting techniques, try different compositions and poses, connect with your subjects to bring out their personalities, and pay attention to details like facial expressions and body language. Portraits can also be made better by learning about post-processing techniques.

What are some essential things to know about taking pictures of wildlife?

Some essential tips for wildlife photography are to learn about your subjects and do research, to use longer focal length lenses to take pictures of animals from a safe distance, to be patient and watchful, to know when wildlife is most active, and to respect the animals and their habitats.

Is it okay to take pictures on the street?

You can take pictures of people and scenes on the street in most public places as long as you don’t bother them. But it’s essential to remember that laws and rules in different countries or regions may be other. Respect people’s privacy at all times, and if you need to, think about asking for permission.

How can I make my photos of still life more interesting to look at?

To make visually appealing still-life photographs, pay attention to composition, use creative and meaningful arrangements of objects, try out different lighting techniques to set the mood, play with colors, textures, and props, and try to tell stories or evoke emotions through your setups.

Originally posted 2023-05-20 04:16:01.

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